JP1000 Introductory Lecture 03


JAPANESE SYLLABLES:

Basic Syllables:

    a     i     u     e     o
ka ki ku ke ko ga gi gu ge go
ġa ġi ġu ġe ġo
sa shi su se so za ji zu ze zo
(si) (zi)
ta chi tsu te to da (ji) (zu) de do
(ti) (tu) (di) (du)
na ni nu ne no
ha hi fu he ho ba bi bu be bo
(hu) pa pi pu pe po
ma mi mu me mo
ya (yi) yu (ye) yo
(i) (e)
ra ri ru re ro
wa (wo)
(o)


Syllabic Nasal: N (= m/n/ŋ/N)

Geminates/Double Consonants: Q (= p/t/s/sh/k)

Palatalized Syllables:

  kya         kyu         kyo        gya       gyu         gyo
ġya ġyu ġyo
sha shu sho ja ju jo
(sya) (syu) (syo) (zya) (zyu) (zyo)
cha chu cho
(tya) (tyu) (tyo)
nya nyu nyo
hya hyu hyo bya byu byo
pya pyu pyo
mya myu myo
rya ryu ryo



Introduction to Japanese writing:

Two Kana syllabaries:  katakana  
hiragana

diacritics: voicing ゛ (dakutenn) が ガ  plosive ゜ (han-dakuten) ぱ パ

history and origin: Kana-Wikipedia

punctuation: 、[ten] 。[maru]

wakachigaki: separating words with space Watashi wa kyoo kaimono ni ikimasu. (usually only in Romanization)
 
typefaces: shotai
minchoo-tai 'Ming Dynasty style'  yuu-mincho-tai 'yu-mincho style'
goshikku-tai 'Gothic style'
kyookasho-tai 'Textbook style'
handwriting
Romanization: Roomaji
Hebon-shiki 'Hepburn system'
Nippon-shiki 'Japan system'
Kunree-shiki 'Kunrei system'
ref. Some Notes on Rômaji by M. Unger
The Romaji (Roomaji) Conundrum by Andrew Horvat

Introduction to Japanese writing: KATAKANA

use				loan words - テニス、スーパー、デジカメ、パソコン、コンビニ、セクハラ
telegram
IT input
emphasis - ケータイ、バカ、チクショー、ボケ
onomatopeia/mimesis - ドキドキ、キラキラ、ドカーン、バラバラ
  
rules long vowels ー  ハンバーガー、チョコレート、セール
geminates ッ  バッグ、ビッグ・マック、ピッチャー、ソックス
learn to write names ナンシー、ジョン、フランセス、ピーター、キャシー、ワンジュー、チョンジャ、テクチャ
identify each katakana
read and write loan words
innovative writing fi フィンランド ti パーティー ve ヴェルディ che チェロ ...

Hints & Suggestions:
link: Man'yoshu
link: Asuka and Man'yoshu

Classroom Instructions

Please become familiar with the classroom instructions.

Classroom Instructions


© Norio Ota 2018